This happens when quantum objects “borrow” energy in order to bypass an obstacle such as a gap in an electrical circuit. It is possible thanks to the uncertainty principle, and enables quantum particles to do things other particles can’t.
SHORTLISTED | Quantum Shorts 2014
This film is part of a series of videos produced through a collaboration of physicists specialized in quantum physics and students in a design school : "quantum design" (www.designquantique.fr). These videos are used in outreach talks, exhibits in science museums and online to engage large public with new ways to present quantum physics.
The quantum design project (www.designquantique.fr) is a partnership between the design school ENSCI-LES ATELIERS and physicists from université Paris Sud and CNRS. It was supported by la Diagoale Paris-Saclay, the institut de Physique of the CNRs, université Paris Sud and the Société Française de Physique. The author of the film is a design student, Natacha Poutoux.